Chad, officially the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in Central Africa, specifically in the Sahel, bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west. It shares a border with Nigeria. Its capital and largest city is N'Djamena. In terms of area, Chad is the fifth largest country in Africa. It’s divided into multiple regions, with a desert zone in the north, an arid Sahelian belt in the centre, and a Sudanese savanna zone in the south. It is named after Lake Chad, the country’s largest wetland and the second largest in Africa.
Visit Zakouma National Park, home to 44 species of large animals and several species of birds. The park’s wildlife was poached and ravaged during the war, but the Chadian government and the EU revived and restocked the park. Now, it has large herds of elephants, giraffes, wildebeests, monkeys, lions, buffalo, hippopotamuses, rhinoceroses, many species of snakes, and a wide variety of antelopes and wildlife. In the Saharan region, you’ll see date-palm groves of the oasis. The Sahelian region, on the other hand, grows palms and acacia trees. The country is home to at least 134 species of mammals, 532 species of birds, and over 1,600 species of plants.
Visit Ennedi and see fascinating sandstone formations as tall as almost 120 metres, one of the most majestic arches in the world. Aside from several geological attractions, the region also boasts petroglyphs (rock paintings), many of which depict the animals that first inhabited the desert. In the southern area, you’ll see gueltas (desert ponds), like the popular Guelta d’Archei, nearby Fada. You’ll have the chance to see endless camel trails and endemic Sahara desert crocodiles. See Lake Chad, which was once one of the world’s largest freshwater lakes.
How to get around within Chad
Because of the Civil War, Chad’s transport infrastructure was damaged. However, in 2004, road rehabilitation projects improved the network. From 30km of paved roads, it became 550km (340 mi) long. Despite these improvements, road network is still limited. Cameroon's rail system serves as Chad’s port for Chadian exports, as well as imports to and from the seaport of Douala. At present, there are rail links to Libya and Sudan, with plans to build additional railway infrastructure.
How to get to Chad
Chad’s primary airport is N'Djamena International Airport, located at the capital, which operates scheduled passenger service to and from five other cities. Chad’s national flag carrier is Toumaï Air Tchad, which has domestic services and scheduled international flights to other African nations. Some of the airports in the country also function as military airports. Abéché Airport, Biltine Airport, Fada Airport, Goz-Beïda Airport, Laï Airport, Mao Airport, Moundou Airport, Oum-Hadjer Airport, Pala Airport, Sarh Airport, and Zouar Airport are a few of the airports that operate in the country. Air France, Ethiopian, Toumaï Air Tchad, Afriqiyah Airways, and Turkish Airlines are the air carriers that operate in the country. Although it’s possible to drive a car or ride a bus to get in, both of these options are unreliable, uncomfortable, and in some cases, unsafe.
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