The State of Libya, more commonly referred to as Libya, is a country situated in the Maghreb region of North Africa. In the north it has a Mediterranean Sea coast, and is bordered to the east by Egypt, to the southeast by Sudan, to the south by Chad and Niger, and to the west by Algeria and Tunisia. It is the fourth largest country in Africa, and over 90% of its land is desert or semi-desert. Libya's largest city and capital is Tripoli.
Red Castle Museum - Other names for Libya's national museum are Assaraya Alhamra Museum or Archaeological Museum of Tripoli. It is located in the building known as the Red Saraya or the Red Castle. The museum encompasses 5,000 years of history, from prehistory to the independence revolution era in 1953. Its diverse collection includes the Prehistory of the Libyan Region, Ancient Libya tribes and traditions, Libyan culture during the Phoenician-Punic-Greek-Roman Libya-Byzantine-Ottoman Tripolitania era traditions, Islamic architecture, and the Natural history of the Libyan region.
Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus - In the desert of the Ghat district located in western Libya are the Acacus Mounts, otherwise known as Tadrart Acacus. It is known for its rock-art, particularly painting and carvings of animals and men depicted in daily situations. The illustrations date back from 12,000 B.C.E. to 100 C.E., depicting the natural and cultural changes in the area. Due to this significance, the sites were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Gurgi Mosque - The mosque was built in the 19th century in the heart of Old Tripoli, the largest city and capital of Libya, as a part of a complex of historic buildings. Its significance is due to it being the last mosque built in the city under the Turks. The building itself may be quite small, but inside is the most beautiful interior in the city.
Leptis Magna - Another destination in Libya deemed a UNESCO World Heritage Site is Leptis Magna, otherwise referred to as Lectis Magna, Lpqy, Neapolis, Lebida, or Lebda. Leptis Magna was once a prominent city of the Roman Empire located in Khoms, east of Tripoli, but now remains as an unspoiled Roman ruins.
Tripoli Zoo - Located south of the city centre of Tripoli is a zoological and botanical garden that exhibits several wild animals such as lions, tigers, elephants, monkeys, and even Persian cats, which are apparently exotic to Libyans. Many of the animal enclosures are spacious and well-maintained.
How to get around within Libya
For tourists, the recommended modes of public transportation are taxis, shared taxis, and shared buses. Negotiating and settling on a fixed fare with the driver before going on the trip is advised. There is no train system in Libya, but there are self-drive car rental services.
How to get there
The primary international gateway into Libya was originally the Tripoli International Airport. However, the airport was heavily damaged during the 2014 Libyan Civil War, and it is currently occupied by two groups labelled by the Libyan parliament as terrorists. In order to get to and from Tripoli, one must go through the Mitiga International Airport instead.
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