The Republic of Botswana is a Southern African country also referred to as simply Botswana. It is landlocked, bordered by Namibia to the west and north, Zimbabwe to the northeast, and South Africa to the southeast and south. Travellers mainly come to Botswana for its wildlife, as nature reserves and national parks make up almost one-fifth of the country. Its capital and largest city is Gaborone.
What to see & do
Central Kalahari Game Reserve - Botswana boasts of many natural attractions, one of which is the Central Kalahari Game Reserve. Established in 1961, the park covers an area of 52,800 square kilometres in the Kalahari Desert. It holds the title as the second largest game reserve in the world. Wildlife present in the park includes giraffe, cheetah, leopard, lion, blue wildebeest, red hartebeest, and brown hyena.
Mokolodi Nature Reserve - Mokolodi Nature Reserve is a private game reserve (not-for-profit) located on 30 square kilometres of donated land approximately 10 kilometres south of Gaborone. Residents of the nature reserve include a large variety of indigenous African game such as cheetah, zebra, gemsbok, impala, hyena, leopard, and mountain reedbuck, as well as bird and reptile species. The southern white rhinoceros herd in particular that live in the reserve is part of a national breeding programme in Botswana.
Chobe National Park - The Chobe National Park is the third largest park in Botswana and contains the most diverse animals, but has one of the largest concentrations of game in Africa. The park is divided into four areas of distinct ecosystem: the Serondela area or Chobe riverfront, the Savuti Marsh Area, the Linyanti Marsh, and the dry hinterland between the Linyanti and Savuti marshes. This national park is best known for its astounding elephant population, with an estimated 50,000 elephants.
Botswana National Museum - The National Museum and Art Gallery is a small museum that displays stuffed animals and exhibits on precolonial and colonial history. The gallery houses traditional crafts and paintings in an effort to promote and celebrate the work of local artists. The museum also takes part in the preservation of Tsodilo, Botswana's first UNESCO World Heritage Site, which was listed for its unique religious and spiritual significant to the locals.
How to get around within Botswana
Local public transport is spotty outside of the major cities, but travellers should be able to get around through a combination of the transport service available. Several bus companies serve Botswana, but it would be best to arrive at the bus station early as the buses fill up quickly. Note that buses in Botswana often do not have air conditioning. Travellers can also use coaches and combies, or, if you're absolutely desperate, hitch a ride from passing drivers. There is no longer passenger train service in Botswana.
How to get there
Travellers who want to go to Botswana should book flights to Sir Seretse Khama International Airport, the primary air passenger gateway of the country. It is served by the airlines Air Botswana, Airlink, Kenya Airways, South African Express, and TAAG Angola Airlines, which operate to Botswana from the airports in Nairobi, Johannesburg, Luanda, Cape Town, Francistown, Harare, Kasane, Lusaka, Maun, and Victoria Falls.
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