Officially the Syrian Arab Republic, Syria is a country in Western Asia, close to Turkey, Jordan, Iraq, Lebanon, and Israel towards the north, south, east, west, and southwest, respectively. The country covers an area that measures approximately 185,200 square kilometres or 71,500 square miles. The official language of Syria is Arabic, and the country has a dry and hot climate. Syria’s capital is Damascus, which is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. The country’s largest city is Aleppo. Syria is characterised by fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts; and is home to ethnic and religious groups, including Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, Circassians, Mandeans, and Turks.
Where to go
Syria is home to tourist attractions such as the Umayyad Mosque, Azm Palace, Mount Qasioun, Sayyidah Ruqayya Mosque, Khan As’ad Pasha, National Museum of Damascus, Temple of Bel, House of Saint Ananias, Mausoleum of Saladin, Fakhr-al-Din al-Maani Castle, Great Mosque of Aleppo, and Maktab Anbar, in addition to many more. Umayyad Mosque, also referred as the Great Mosque of Damascus, is a mosque considered by some Muslims to be the fourth holiest place in Islam. It features three minarets, and was completed in 715, making it one of the largest and oldest mosques in the world. Azm Palace in Damascus, on the other hand, is a palace built in 1750 to serve as a residence for the Ottoman governor of Damascus, As’ad Pasha al-Azm. Today, Azm Palace is home to the Museum of Arts and Popular Traditions. For a natural attraction worth visiting in Syria, Mount Qasioun is a mountain that overlooks the city of Damascus. Over the years, the mountain has been populated with restaurants, which offers nice spots to view the city.
Due to the ongoing Syrian Civil War, the international airports in Damascus, Aleppo, and Latakia currently do not have scheduled flights. One of the nearest international airports to Syria is Queen Alia International Airport in Amman, Jordan. From here, reach short haul destinations such as London, United Kingdom; Dubai, United Arab Emirates; and Doha, Qatar via British Airways, Emirates, and Qatar Airways, respectively. There are flights available from Syria to Iran and Algeria, but these are for military purposes only.
With no scheduled domestic and international flights in the airports within Syria, air travel is possible via Queen Alia International Airport, the airport that serves Amman, Jordan. Queen Alia International Airport serves long haul flights to Bangkok, Thailand; New York, United States; and Hong Kong via Royal Jordanian.
How to get out
The international airports that serve Syria are Damascus International Airport in Damascus, Aleppo International Airport in Aleppo, and Bassel Al-Assad International Airport in Latakia. However, flights within and out of Syria are currently terminated due to the Syrian Civil War. Other ways for travellers to get to other areas from Syria include international railways that run between Tehran, Aleppo, and Damascus, and between Istanbul and Aleppo. Additionally, there are also buses from Syria that reaches Turkey, Jordan, and Lebanon. There are also boats going to Cyprus and Turkey.
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