Amman is the capital and most populous city of Jordan, with a population of over four million people that are predominantly Arabs by descent. It is considered as the country's political, cultural, and commercial centre and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Over the past years, Amman has undergone a massive change from being known as a silent village to a now bustling metropolis that somehow resembles the streets of Dubai. Amman was then destroyed by several earthquakes and natural disasters and remained a small village and a pile of ruins until the Circassian settlement in 1878. Ottoman records shows 5,000 Circassians lived in Amman and virtually, none of them spoke Arabic, which is very much contrasting to the fact that Arabs are now the ones who are settled in this country.
What to see & do
Amman is divided into two distinct parts: the urban Western Amman, known for its leafy residential districts, bars, cafes, art galleries, and modern malls; and the more laid back Eastern Amman, which gives tourists a feel of the traditional and laid back setting of the capital. Right at the heart of the city is labyrinthine "downtown", one of the must-see attractions in Amman. At the southern part of the city, various structures are scattered along with the spectacular Roman ruins being overlooked by the magisterial Citadel, which sits on the highest hill in Amman called Jebel Al-Qala. You should also visit the magnificent Roman Theatre, the most impressive among the remnants of Roman Philadelphia, which was estimated to be built during the reign of Antoninus Pius back in the second century. If you wish to know more about these historical facts, take a stroll down the Jordan Museum which is seated just next to the city hall and is known as a museum of international standard owing to its beautiful modern design. Other notable museums include the Jordan National Gallery of Fine Arts, Museum of Archaeology, the Darat al-Funun, and the Military Museum. Religious structures also attract tourists and the King Abdullah Mosque stands out among them all because of its blue dome. Beautiful cafes and bars that showcase various styles of interiors are also scattered downtown, with the likes of Al-Rashin Court Cafe and the Darat al-Funun Cafe. Jordan is known for the delicious falafel, and they are available at the Hashem Restaurant, as well as the famous Sufra restaurant.
How to get around within Amman
Multiple bus stations can be found across Amman: The Muhajireen bus station, Abdali bus station, Raghadan Bus Station, JETT bus station, and the Tabarbour bus station. Each station has designated bus companies that drive to various routes of the city on varying times as well. Service taxis are also scattered all over the city but beware of the private vehicles that pose as taxis near the bus stands. As of writing, no trains are operating in Amman as the previous operators have suspended their services since 2005.
How to get there
The city's largest airport, Queen Alia International Airport, situated about 30 kilometres south of Amman, is the major international airport in Jordan and the hub for Royal Jordanian, the flag carrier. It offers non-stop flights to and from 56 cities all over the world. As of writing, more than 150 airlines operate in and out of the airport and this list includes the likes of Air Europa, Air Canada, AirAsia, American Airlines, Ryanair, United Airlines, and US Airways, to name a few.
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Airports near Amman
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