Officially known as the Independent State of Samoa, Samoa is a country within Oceania that encompasses the western part of the Samoan Islands, in the South Pacific Ocean. The country used to be known as Western Samoa. It became independent from New Zealand in 1962. To be understood in Samoa, the country’s official languages are Samoan and English. There is also Samoan Sign Language that is used by some of the deaf population within the country. The temperatures within the country of Samoa can reach an annual average high of 30.22 degrees Celsius or 86.39 degrees Fahrenheit, with an annual average low of 23.48 degrees Celsius or 74.27 degrees Fahrenheit. Among the districts within Upolu Tuamasaga (Afega) are A'ana (Leulumoega). Aiga-i-le-Tai (Mulifanua)1, Atua (Lufilufi), and Va'a-o-Fonoti (Samamea); districts within Savai'i Fa'asaleleaga (Safotulafai) are Gaga'emauga (Saleaula), Gaga'ifomauga (Safotu), Vaisigano (Asau), Satupa'itea (Satupa'itea), and Palauli (Vailoa). The country of Samoa is divided into three ethnic groups, the Samoans, Euronesians, and Europeans.
What to see & do
Among the destinations to be visited within Samoa include Pulemelei Mound, Lava Field, To Sua Ocean Trench, Robert Louis Stevenson Museum, Maketi Fou, and Piula Cave Pool, within Upolu, Apia, and Savai’i, to name a few. The Lava Field was created with Mt. Matavanu’s eruptions that happened in 1905 and 1911. The eruptions have created a moonscape within Savai’i’s northeastern corner as the 10 metres to around 150 metre-thick lava flowed through the plantations and villages. Robert Louis Stevenson Museum is based within Villa Vailima, the Scottish author’s home that has been restored; the mansion was built in 1890. Piula Cave Pool has two bluish-green freshwater grottoes, located side by side, which is just a couple of metres from the sea. The fish-filled grottoes are swimmable, but one has to be brave enough to swim between the three-metre underwater passage.