Liberia is a country found in West Africa, bordered by Sierra Leone to the west, Guinea to the North, and Ivory coast to the east. It is home to about 4 million people who cover a total land area of 111,369 square kilometres. It is the only country in Africa founded by the United States colonization while being occupied by native Africans. Most African countries are either under the reign of Britain, France, and other European countries, while Liberia went under the United States. Beginning in 1820, the region was colonized by African Americans – mosy, a private organization whose leaders though former slaves would have greater opportunity of them freed slaves – establishing a new country with the help of the American Colonization Society in Africa. Later on in 1847, the new country became the Republic of Liberia, establishing a government modelled with the United States, and naming its capital as Monrovia after James Monroe, the fifth president of the United States.
In the 1940s, Liberia began to modernized following investments by the United States during World War II and economic liberalization under President William Tubman, although in 1980 a military coup overthrew the reigning government, marking the beginning of the country's instability and two successive civil wars. Death tolls then reached between 250-520,000 people, devastating the country's economy. A peace agreement in 2003 led to democratic elections in 2005.
Today, Liberia strives to recover from the effects of the civil wars although 85% of the population continue to live below the international poverty line. The country is also recently threatened by the Ebola virus epidemic, but this doesn't stop the country from pushing towards improvement for the betterment of the whole nation.
What to see & do
Robertsport – home to Liberia's nascent surfing scene, Robertsport is so-called the “best dirt road in the country” - a worthy travel destination in Liberia known for its beautiful (not blue) waves. Locals and tourists who have discovered the place continuously enjoy surfing in this area in the region of Grand Cape Mount in all its local rural feels.
Monrovia – in passing, Monrovia can be best described as a woman who underwent various stages of life. She became a debutante, a successful career lass, a woman scorned, a mother, an 'other woman' – until she went back to its roots. And like a woman who was defeated, slowly but surely, Monrovia is climbing her way to the top, like the rest of the country – after a few decades of battles and coups and war-induced suffering. Currently, Monrovia takes pride on its rebuilt city centre: small, functional, and still improving. Visit the Ministry of Fruit, Evelyn's, Sajj House, and Shark's Ice Cream, and learn about Liberia's colourful history with Liberia National Museum.
Marshall – a short drive from Monrovia is the rural area surrounding Marshall, which makes for an easy weekend escape from the city. Camp on quiet beaches or see Monkey Island, a small archipelago which serves as a refuge to chimpanzees.
How to get around within Liberia
The main mode of transport in the area is through private vehicles. Usually, private vehicles that are adept to various road conditions are best – since Liberia has varied road conditions. Dirt, gravel, paved – all of these types should be conquered by the vehicle travellers opt to ride.
How to get there
The Monrovia-Roberts International Airport is the main international airport serving the city of Monrovia and Liberia. Airlines that travel to the destination include Delta Airlines, British Airways, Ethiopia Airlines, Royal Air Maroc, British Airways, and others. Cheap flights can be booked using Skyscanner. Skyscanner is an online resource of the cheapest flights from over 600 airlines worldwide.
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